current language
Battery Regulation 2023 available in the following languages:
or select your TÜV Rheinland region / country website:
EU New Battery Regulation

EU New Battery Regulation (EU) 2023/1542

Concerning batteries and waste batteries, amending Directive 2008/98/EC and Regulation (EU) 2019/1020 and repealing Directive 2006/66/EC

EU New Battery Regulation (EU) 2023/1542 was published by EU Commission on July 28. 2023 and entered into force from August 17. 2023. The regulation has three objectives: strengthening the functioning of EU internal market (including products, processes, waste batteries and recycles), promoting a circular economy, and reducing environmental and social impacts throughout all stages of battery life cycle.

The Regulation lays down mandatory requirements for all batteries placed on the EU market (except for military, space, and nuclear purposes). Those requirements cover sustainability and safety, labelling, marking and information, due diligence, waste battery management, battery passport, green public procurement, etc. The regulation specifies obligations of the manufacturer, importer and distributor of batteries and products containing batteries, also establishes conformity assessment procedure and market surveillance requirements. Manufacturers of cells, modules, battery packs, energy storage system, EV battery systems and end products shall pay high attention to the regulation.

Product Categories

The Regulation classifies the batteries into 5 categories as below, and apply with various requirements accordingly:

Show all Hide all

Portable battery

  • Sealed
  • Weights 5 kg or less
  • Not classified as other types of batteries

Starting, lighting and ignition battery (SLI battery)

  • Used for vehicle ignition, lighting, or starting purposes
  • Auxiliary or backup batteries for vehicles, other transport, or mechanical transport equipment
  • Abbreviated as SLI battery

Light means of transport battery (LMT battery)

  • Sealed
  • Weights below or equal to 25 kg
  • Drives L-type vehicles
  • Not classified as electric vehicle batteries
  • Abbreviated as LMT battery

Industrial battery

  • Batteries designed for industrial use
  • Batteries intended for industrial uses after repurposing
  • Or other batteries weighing over 5 kg and not classified as LMT/SLI/EV batteries

Electric vehicle battery (EV battery)

  • Used for hybrid or battery electric vehicle traction
  • Used for L-type light vehicles, but with a weight greater than 25 kg
  • Abbreviated as EV battery

In terms of battery functionality, it includes rechargeable and non-rechargeable batteries; in terms of battery structural status, it includes cells, battery modules, and battery systems. Safety requirements are specified for stationary battery energy storage systems.

Furthermore, the new regulations impose requirements on battery design and performance, such as performance and durability requirements for general-purpose portable batteries; performance and durability requirements for rechargeable industrial batteries, LMT batteries, and electric vehicle batteries. The regulation also specifies requirements for the detachability and replaceability of portable batteries and LMT batteries.

Timeline of EU Battery Regulations Implementation:

  • July 28, 2023: Publication in the Official Journal of the European Union
  • August 17, 2023: Official enforcement of the Battery Regulations
  • February 18, 2024: Mandatory enforcement of the Battery Regulations
  • August 18, 2024: Mandatory enforcement of safety requirements for stationary battery energy storage systems, performance and durability requirements for rechargeable industrial batteries with a capacity greater than 2 kWh, LMT batteries and electric vehicle batteries, conformity assessment procedures, and economic operator obligations
  • February 18, 2025: Mandatory enforcement of carbon footprint requirements for electric vehicle batteries
  • August 18, 2025: Mandatory enforcement of supply chain due diligence / Mandatory enforcement of waste battery management
  • February 18, 2026: Mandatory enforcement of carbon footprint requirements for rechargeable industrial batteries
  • February 18, 2027: Mandatory enforcement of battery passports for rechargeable industrial batteries larger than 2Kwh and electric vehicle batteries / Removability and replaceability of portable batteries and LMT batteries
  • August 18, 2028: Mandatory enforcement of requirements for recycled materials in rechargeable industrial batteries with a capacity greater than 2 kWh, except those with exclusively external storage, electric vehicle batteries and SLI batteries, conformity assessment procedures, and economic operator obligations.

TÜV Rheinland Featured Services

Offerings (Training, Testing, Verification, Audit, Certification) Provisions in the Regulation (EU) 2023/1542 that are Relevant to the Offerings
Testing of hazardous substances in batteriesArticle 6, Restrictions on substances
Annex I: Restriction on substances
Calculation and verification of the life-cycle carbon footprint of batteriesArticle 7 Carbon footprint
Annex II: Carbon footprint
Verification of recycled content in batteriesArticle 8, Recycled content
Battery performance and durability testingArticle 9 and 10, Performance and durability
Annex III, Annex IV: Electrochemical performance and durability parameters
Verification and testing of removability and replaceabilityArticle 11, Removability and replaceability
Testing and certification of battery safetyArticle 12, Safety
Annex V: Safety parameters
Verification of Labelling, marking and information requirementsArticle 13 and 14, Labelling, marking and battery management system information
Verification and audit of due diligence policies and its implementationArticle 48, Battery due diligence policies
Calculation and verification of battery-waste recycling and material-recovery efficiencyArticles 59, 60, 61, 71,
Waste batteries collection, recycling efficiencies and material-recovery targets
Evaluation of second life battery Article 73, reuse or preparation for repurposing
Digital Battery passport verification and platform managementArticle 77 and 78, digital battery passport
Annex XIII: Information to be included in the battery passport
Verification of green public procurementArticle 85, 86, Green public procurement
EU conformity assessment, verification of EU declaration of conformity CHAPTER IV Conformity of batteriesCHAPTER IV Conformity of batteries

Learn more about our solutions

Contact our experts for more information