World-Class Expertise in Services for Pyrotechnics
We all know how dangerous playing with fire can be. That is why according to Directive 2013/29/EU, pyrotechnic articles shall comply with the essential safety requirements (ESR) before placing them on the EU market. Legal manufacturers shall ensure that their products are in compliant with the ESR. A Notified Body shall be involved in the conformity assessment procedures. To fulfill the requirements set up by the Directive, TÜV Rheinland provides you with world-class expertise in testing, and certification services specifically for the field of pyrotechnics. Our certification is based on standards harmonized in the European Union.
We are a European Notified Body for conformity assessment procedures of pyrotechnic articles and we participate actively in the notified body coordination group activities and standardization committees to keep you updated with the most recent changes. The CE 1008 marks for products we certify is well known all over the world.
Our scope of pyrotechnic articles covers all categories of the Directive, like fireworks, theatrical pyrotechnic articles, other pyrotechnic articles for vehicles and technical pyrotechnic articles. Our experts are internationally qualified, and we co-operate with colleagues around the globe to offer the best service to our clients all over the World. We can also service additional inquiries from manufacturers, distributors, and importers who intend to sell their products in the European Union.
Benefits at a Glance
With TÜV Rheinland as your partner for all aspects of pyrotechnic certification, you:
- Rely on our clear communication of testing definitions before the actual testing cycle
- Benefit from expert advice and consulting, due to our long-standing experience with a wide range of pyrotechnic articles covering all categories of the Directive
- Benefit from our quick response and fast reactions with helpful attitude
- Count on our local offices in 65 countries to mediate in your own language if needed
CE Certification Process
The CE certification process consists of two steps:
- EU-Type Examination (Module B)
- Conformity to type examinations based on different aspects (Module C2, D, or E)
Type examination is aimed at assessing whether an article meets the Essential Safety Requirements (ESR) of the Directive. This assessment shall be carried out by a notified body, in our case, (NB 1008). The relevant harmonized standards are used for conformity assessment procedures.
The following information must be included in the manufacturer’s application:
- Name and address of manufacturer, and if the application is being submitted by an authorized agent, then the name and address of the authorized agent as well
- Declaration that the same application has not been lodged to any other registered body
Product/products submitted for type examination:
- Technical documentation
- General descriptions of the product
- Components, part units, and manufacturing plans and sketches
Products are certified on the basis of a module system; applicants can select from among the given module systems (according to preference and opportunity).
Once type examination has proven that the “prototype” meets the ESR, it shall be tested and certified whether the produced articles are in line with the “prototype” and in compliance with the ESR before placing on the EU market. This can be done in several ways:
- Module C2: Conformity to type based on internal production control plus supervised product checks at random intervals. Batch testing of all the batches of the articles that are to be placed on EU market.
- Module D: Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process. The manufacturer shall operate an approved quality system for production, final product inspection and testing of the pyrotechnic articles concerned. A Notified Body of the manufacturer’s choice shall monitor the quality management system.
- Module E: Conformity to type based on product quality assurance. The manufacturer shall operate an approved quality system for final product inspection and testing of the pyrotechnic articles concerned. A Notified Body of the manufacturer’s choice shall monitor the quality management system.
The manufacturer and the notified body will agree on whether to choose module B, C, D, or E. Different validity deadlines apply to the different modules. Conformity assessment examinations are carried out in compliance with Directive 2013/29/EU.
Grouping Articles into Product Families
According to the pertinent directive 2013/29/EU, products with similar features can be grouped in product families based on technical and performance parameters.
For more details, the relevant Directive 2013/29/EU (Annex II) and EU Decision No. 768/2008 contain detailed descriptions of the various modules and certification procedure.
TÜV Rheinland offers the following individual services for conformity assessment of pyrotechnic articles to be placed on EU market:
- EU-type examination (Module B)
- Conformity to type based on internal production control plus supervised product checks at random intervals (Module C2)
- Conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process (Module D)
- Conformity to type based on product quality assurance (Module E)
- Conformity based on unit verification (Module G)
- Conformity based on full quality assurance (Module H – for F4 only)
- Article grouping into product families
- First-time and periodic inspections of manufacturing quality control, final verification of product, conformity to type
- Consulting services for legal questions related to issues, such as categorizing or grouping articles, certification processes
- Expert reports
- Assistance with authorization procedures
- Assistance with manufacturing
The European Union drafted a directive (2013/29/EU) to guarantee the free trade of pyrotechnic articles in the internal European market. The directive aims to safeguard human health and the safety and protection of the consumer and professional end user. Pyrotechnic articles listed in the directive include:
- Pyrotechnic articles for theatrical use
- Pyrotechnic articles used for technical purposes, like gas generators, emergency flares, etc.
- Pyrotechnic articles for vehicles
Cultural habits and traditions vary to a great degree in the various member states. For that reason, member states can take national measures to prohibit or restrict possession, use and/or sale of certain categories of fireworks to consumers on grounds of public order, security or safety, or environmental protection.
Publication of the directive in July 2007 marked the start of the transitional period. The directive prescribes that – after the transitional period – all pyrotechnic articles must have a CE marking to indicate that the Essential Safety Requirements of the Directive have been met (conformity assessment). This means that category 1, 2, and 3 fireworks all need a CE marking with a certificate issued by a notified body by July 2010, unless national authorizations were granted before July 2010 for the relevant firework articles. From 2017 all pyrotechnic articles covered by 2013/29/EU Directive must comply with the ESR before placing on the market.
- Fireworks category F1:
- Christmas crackers
- Party poppers
- Indoor fountains (Birthday candles)
- Fireworks category F2-F3:
- Batteries of shot tubes
- Combinations of fountains and mines
- Compound fireworks
- Roman candles
- Fireworks category F4:
- Roman candles
- Shot tubes
- Theatrcial pyrotechnic articles category T1-T2:
- Bengal flare
- Other pyrotechnic articles P1-P2:
- Pyromechanical devices
- Rockets and rocket motors
- Sound emitters
- Ignition devices P1-P2:
- Pyrotechnic cords and fuses
- Delay fuses
- Pyrotechnic articles for vehicles P1-P2:
- Airbag gas generator
- Micro gas generator
- Seatbelt pretensioner
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