EU - Regulation 2019/2144 - Automotive Type Approval General Safety Requirements
Regulation (EU) 2019/2144 on Vehicles´ General Safety (type approval):
1. Ammended the Regulation (EU) 2018/858 of the European Parliament and of the Council;
2. Repealed Regulations (EC) No 78/2009, (EC) No 79/2009 and (EC) No 661/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and
3. Repealed Commission Regulations (EC) No 631/2009, (EU) No 406/2010, (EU) No 672/2010, (EU) No 1003/2010, (EU) No 1005/2010, (EU) No 1008/2010, (EU) No 1009/2010, (EU) No 19/2011, (EU) No 109/2011, (EU) No 458/2011, (EU) No 65/2012, (EU) No 130/2012, (EU) No 347/2012, (EU) No 351/2012, (EU) No 1230/2012 and (EU) 2015/166.
1. For New Components:
- ECE 45.01 on headlamp cleaners;
- ECE 108.00 on retreaded tyres for passenger cars and their trailers;
- ECE 109.00 on retreaded tyres for commercial vehicles and their trailers;
- ECE 114.00 on replacement airbags;
- ECE 115.00 on LPG and CNG retrofit systems;
- ECE 124.00 on replacement wheels;
- ECE 126.00 on partitioning systems;
- ECE 129.00 on enhanced child restraint systems.
2. New Occupant Protection Requirements:
- ECE 135.01 on pole side impact performance;
- ECE 137.01 on frontal collision with a focus on the restraint system (full width barrier impact), with the scope expanded to include both M1 and N1 category vehicles.
3. Increment in existing UNECE Regulations:
- ECE 34.03 on the prevention of fire risks - scope of rear impact testing expanded to include all M1 and N1 category vehicles with a maximum mass not exceeding 3,500 kg.
- ECE 94.03 on the protection of occupants in the event of a frontal collision - scope expanded to include all M1 and N1 category vehicles with a maximum mass not exceeding 3,500 kg.
- ECE 95.03 on the protection of occupants in the event of a lateral collision - scope expanded to include all M1 and N1 category vehicles, regardless of the height of the R-points above the ground.
- ECE 125.01 on forward field of vision - scope expanded to include all M1 and N1 category vehicles.
4. New Features Requiring New Regulatory Requirements to be Developed:
Upcoming regulations in sight:
- Advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS) for M1 and N1 category vehicles capable of detecting moving vehicles and stationary obstacles.
- Advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS) for M1 and N1 category vehicles that are capable of detecting pedestrians and cyclists.
- Blind spot information systems and pedestrian / cyclist collision warning systems for M2, M3, N2 and N3 category vehicles.
- Direct vision requirements for M2, M3, N2 and N3 category vehicles.
- Reversing detection systems (e.g. revering cameras) for all categories of vehicle.
- Emergency lane keeping systems for M1 and N1 category vehicles.
- Tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) for all vehicle categories other than M1 category.
- Intelligent speed assistance (ISA) systems for all M and N category vehicles.
- Emergency stop signals for all M and N category vehicles.
- Alcohol interlock installation provisions for all M and N category vehicles.
- Driver drowsiness and attention detection systems for all M and N category vehicles.
- Advanced driver distraction recognition systems for all M and N category vehicles.
- Event data recorders (EDR) for all M and N category vehicles.
- Protection against cyber-attacks for all M and N category vehicles.
- Enlarged pedestrian protection head impact protection zone for M1 and N1 category vehicles.
In preparation for the introduction of autonomous/automated vehicles, the draft new Regulation also specifies the fitment of the following features/systems to such vehicles, regardless of their vehicle category:
- Driver availability monitoring systems.
- Systems to replace the driver's control.
- Systems to monitor the area surrounding the vehicle.
- Systems to provide safety information to other road users.
- Communication systems and protocols for platooning.
The implementation date starts in July 6, 2022, but applies differently among abovementioned regulations. See more information on the link herein mentioned.