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New Zealand -Draft land transport amendment rule: light-vehicle Brakes 2019 and accompanying papers


New Zealand Ministry of Transport is revising the 2002 Land Transport Rule: Light-vehicle Brakes. There is a compelling case for mandating Advanced Braking Systems (ABS) as soon as possible because of the safety benefit it brings to motorcyclists. This amendment will incorporate updated minimum standards for new motorcycles, and in particular will introduce a requirement for advanced brake systems for motorcycles meeting internationally recognised standards from Australia, Europe, Japan and the United States entering the fleet. New model new motorcycles will need to comply with one of the four international standards from November 2019. Existing and used motorcycles will need to comply with these standards from November 2021. The reason the rule is proposed to be implemented on these dates is to reduce the risk of New Zealand receiving less safe motorbikes, with Australia bringing in these requirements on the same dates. The revised Rule will require advanced braking systems (anti-lock brakes or a combined braking system) for motorcycles, depending on the powerband. It will continue existing minimum standards for existing models and used vehicles, until 1 November 2021.

The proposed new braking standards are applicable in Europe, the United States, Japan and Australia, are internationally recognised and accepted in the international motor manufacturing industry. We do not anticipate that this rule change will produce a significant barrier to trade. The proposed restrictions relate only to registrations of motorcycles for the use of public roads.

Non-compliant motorcycles will still be able to be used off-road. The approved vehicle standards for brakes are:

(a) Council Directive of 26 July 1971 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the braking devices of certain categories of motor vehicles and of their trailers (71/320/EEC);

(b) Council Directive of 5 April 1993 on the braking of two or three-wheel motor vehicles (93/14/EEC);

(c) UN/ECE Regulation No. 13, Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles of categories M, N and O with regard to braking (E/ECE324- E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.12);

(d) UN/ECE Regulation No. 13-H, Uniform provisions concerning the approval of passenger cars with regard to braking (E/ECE324- E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2/Add.12H);

(e) UN/ECE Regulation No. 78, Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles of category L with regard to braking (E/ECE/324- E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.77);

(f) Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 105, Hydraulic Brake Systems;

(g) Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 122, Motorcycle Brake Systems;

(h) Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 135, Passenger Car Brake Systems;

(i) Australian Design Rule 31, Hydraulic Brake Systems for Passenger Cars;

(j) Australian Design Rule 33, Brake Systems for Motorcycles and Mopeds;

(k) Australian Design Rule 35, Commercial Vehicle Brake Systems;

(l) Technical Standard for Passenger Motor Vehicle Braking Systems (Japan);

(m) Technical Standard for Two Wheeled Vehicle Brake Systems (Japan).

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