Climate Protection and International Emissions Trade
For the Success of Your Climate Protection Projects
The effects of global climate change are already perceptible for many people: extreme weather conditions are destroying many people’s livelihoods and leading to major economic losses worldwide. Make use of the opportunities of the Kyoto Protocol and gain new operational latitude through tradable emissions certificates. TÜV Rheinland can help you validate and verify your climate protection projects.
Benefits at a Glance
With support from TÜV Rheinland for climate protection projects and climate protection issues, you can:
- Take advantage of our international reputation as an independent testing body
- Rely on comprehensive services for your climate protection projects
- Provide proof of ecologically compatible energy production using renewable resources as a “Certified Eco-Electricity Supplier” or “Certified Bio Natural Gas Supplier”
An Overview of our Services
Validation and Verification of CDM and JI projects
Prior to their submission to the UN Climate Secretariat, CDM and JI projects must be verified by an accredited, independent third party – a so-called “independent entity.” Our employees can manage validation and verification of your projects. Our accreditations apply to:
- JI Projects
- Accredited via our certification body DOE CDM-E-0013 with the UNFCCC
- CDM Projects
- Accredited via our certification body AIE JI-E-0012 with the UNFCCC and listed as provisionally acting AIE
Validation and Verification in the VER Area
TÜV Rheinland can assist you on an international level in the implementation of measures and can manage validation and verification in compliance with all generally accepted project standards.
Our Services for EU Emissions Trading
As certified experts, we offer plant operators and airline companies a wide range of services. We can also take on responsibility for testing monitoring plans and verifying emissions reports and allocation applications.
Eco-Friendly Electricity Certification and Bio Natural Gas Certification
Show your customers that your electrical power really comes from “ecologically compatible production.” Use your eco-friendly electricity certification to help them make the right choice from lots of different energy providers. The same applies to the natural gas segment: numerous energy providers now offer natural gas with a specific share of biogas. Use your bio natural gas certification to confirm the quality of your offering. We certify bio natural gas products based on a specific list of criteria. Both certifications – eco-friendly electricity and bio natural gas – are generally carried out in two steps:
- Audit of the production plants – if they are not already certified
- Audit of the offering: from reviews of the data and documentation to customer and supply agreements, billing systems, and much more
Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, especially CO2
Agreements on joint strategies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions – in particular CO2 – have been established on an international level. Launched in 2008, a worldwide framework was established for emissions trading to cut emissions of gases contributing to global warming. According to the framework of the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized countries have undertaken to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 5.2% versus the 1990 level.
EU Emissions Trading: Basic Principles
In Germany, this system is based on the greenhouse gas emission trading regulations (Gesetz über den Handel mit Berechtigungen zur Emission von Treibhausgasen, or TEHG). To permanently reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, operators of plants subject to emission trading requirements are allocated rights to a specific amount of emissions, so-called EU emission Allowances (EUAs). These amounts are reduced from one trading period to the next.
Extension of EU Emissions Trading from 2012 Onwards
With data collection regulations for emissions (Verordnung über die Erhebung von Daten zur Einbeziehung des Luftverkehrs sowie weiterer Tätigkeiten in den Emissionshandel, or DEV 2020) and EC Directive 2008/101/EC, the system includes other sectors: to chemical industry plants and the aerospace industry, which will first join the emissions trading scheme in 2012. This will affect all aircraft operators whose planes take off or land in the European Union. EU Ordinance No. 82/2010 effective January 28, 2010 – the so-called “list of administering member states” – regulates which country is responsible for each airline company.
Climate Protection Projects in Developing Countries: Clean Development Mechanism – CDM
The Clean Development Mechanism contains requirements for implementing climate protection projects in developing countries. The projects help reduce emissions in the host country, thereby contributing to worldwide reductions of greenhouse gas emissions. Following successful registration as a CDM project, you obtain so-called Certified Emission Reductions (CERs), which can be traded on the international emissions market.
Climate Protection Projects in Industrialized Countries: Joint Implementation – JI
Since January 2008, climate protection projects can also be implemented in industrialized and emerging countries. For a successful reduction of emissions, you receive so-called Emission Reduction Units (ERUs). Together with EU emissions trading and the clean development mechanism, joint implementation is the third pillar of the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol.
Voluntary Climate Protection Projects: Verified Emission Reduction – VER
Along with the required emissions rights trading (the compliance market), project developers can also implement voluntary projects for reducing greenhouse gases. As with CDM and JI, emission certificates are also awarded here, which can be traded on a voluntary market. Companies can use VERs to achieve voluntary, in-house climate protection targets, for example.